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Pioneering DRAM Chip Inventor Bob Dennard Passes Away at 91 | IDOs News

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Bob Dennard, the brilliant mind behind the invention of dynamic random-access memory (DRAM), has passed away at the age of 91, according to IBM Research. Dennard’s contributions to the field of computing have fundamentally reshaped the landscape of modern technology.

Legacy of Innovation

Robert “Bob” Dennard joined IBM in 1958, at a time when the state of the art for random access memory (RAM) was solid core, a bulky and inefficient technology. Driven by a vision for something better, Dennard, along with his colleagues at IBM Research, developed DRAM in 1966. This innovation not only shrunk memory storage but also significantly boosted its capacity. The invention of DRAM is considered a pivotal moment in computing history, as it enabled the creation of more compact and powerful electronic devices.

Memorial Gathering

Dennard’s passing on April 23 was marked by a memorial gathering at the Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York on June 7. The event was a celebration of Dennard’s life and achievements, attended by his family members and prominent IBM figures, including Senior Vice President and Director of Research Darío Gil and former Research director John Kelly.

“Without DRAM, there is no modern semiconductor, and the world looks a lot different — a lot slower, a lot less connected,” Gil stated at the memorial. He emphasized the ubiquity of DRAM chips, which power billions of smartphones, computers, and consumer electronic devices worldwide.

A Humble Visionary

Beyond his technical contributions, Dennard was known for his humility and mentorship. He valued the recognition and relationships he built with his peers as much as his professional accolades. In a 1978 interview, Dennard remarked that the enthusiasm and recognition from his colleagues were as significant to him as the awards he received for his groundbreaking work.

“He laid the genetic code for what we consider the DNA of today’s IBM researcher,” Gil added. “He was brilliant, restless, and passionate.”

Early Life and Career

Born in 1932 in Terrell, Texas, Dennard’s early education was in a one-room schoolhouse. Despite his interest in outdoor activities, a guidance counselor steered him towards electrical engineering. He earned his B.S. and M.S. from Southern Methodist University and a doctorate from Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon) in 1958, the same year he joined IBM Research.

Inventive Spirit

Dennard’s path to inventing DRAM was marked by persistence and creativity. Faced with the limitations of solid core memory and inspired by the simplicity of a rival team’s thin-film magnetic memory, Dennard conceptualized a simpler memory storage method using a capacitor. Within hours, he had developed the basic ideas for DRAM, leading to a patent award for IBM and Dennard within a year. By the 1970s, DRAM had become the standard memory solution for home and office computers.

Enduring Impact

Dennard’s influence extended beyond hardware. His theory of scaling, which predicted that as transistors became smaller and more numerous, the power used in a given area would remain constant, provided a roadmap for the development of increasingly sophisticated transistors. This theory, known as Dennard scaling, complemented Moore’s Law and has been fundamental in guiding semiconductor advancements.

Reflecting his optimistic outlook, Dennard was known to say, “Yes, there is an end to scaling. But there is no end to creativity.”

Bob Dennard’s legacy is etched into the very fabric of modern computing, and his contributions will continue to influence the field for generations to come.

For additional information, please visit the IBM Research.

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TinyTap and Open Campus to Host EDU Denver, a Fusion Event for Education and Web3 Leaders | IDOs News

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Education innovators TinyTap and Open Campus have announced their inaugural event, “EDU Denver,” set to take place on June 24, 2024, from 19:00 to 23:00 MST in Denver, Colorado. This free event aims to bring together leaders in education and Web3 to explore the expansion of a decentralized education ecosystem, according to Animoca Brands.

Event Highlights

EDU Denver promises an evening filled with inspiring talks, hands-on demonstrations, networking opportunities, and entertainment. The event coincides with the prestigious International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) conference, offering attendees a unique opportunity to blend the latest advancements in classroom and at-home learning with Web3 innovations.

Notable speakers at the event include Yogev Shelly, Vriti Saraf, Amanda Slavin, and Taylor Kendal. The event is sponsored by Ed3DAO, LearningFREQUENCY, Learning Economy Foundation, and CodeMonkey. Drinks and refreshments will be provided, and attendance is free, though prior registration is required.

About the Organizers

TinyTap, a subsidiary of Animoca Brands, is one of the most downloaded kids’ apps globally, featuring over 250,000 interactive lessons created by educators worldwide. Open Campus, a decentralized education protocol, aims to address challenges in the education sector by building robust decentralized infrastructure, including the first layer 3 blockchain built for education – EDU Chain.

Open Campus has already attracted over 100,000 learners and includes more than 80 prestigious educational companies in its alliance, such as BitDegree, CoderSchool, Weeve, and GEMS Education. EDU Denver marks the first in a series of events aimed at expanding this alliance.

Event Details

  • Date: June 24, 2024
  • Time: 19:00 to 23:00 MST (GMT-6)
  • Location: Denver, Colorado
  • Entrance Fee: Free (registration mandatory)

Elie Wiesel, a community contributor to Open Campus, expressed excitement about the event, noting the potential of Web3 to lower barriers in education and make knowledge sharing more collaborative. Yogev Shelly, CEO and Founder of TinyTap, highlighted the effort invested in supporting Open Campus’s vision of a more open and fair education system.

About Open Campus

Open Campus is a community-led protocol designed for educators, content creators, parents, and students. It aims to put learning decisions back into the hands of educators and students, fostering a collaborative environment and opening new revenue streams for effective educators worldwide. More information can be found on their website.

About TinyTap

Founded in 2012, TinyTap, a subsidiary of Animoca Brands, is the world’s largest library of educational games, featuring over 250,000 activities created by educators and publishers. The platform serves more than 11 million registered family members and is among the top 10 grossing kids’ apps worldwide. Further details are available on their website.

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ETF Outflows and Market Pressures: Is a Bottom for Bitcoin (BTC) Near? | IDOs News

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The cryptocurrency market is currently experiencing a state of uncertainty, with Bitcoin (BTC) nearing higher timeframe range lows on daily, weekly, and monthly charts. Additionally, there is a downtrend in lower timeframe charts, ranging from one-minute to 15-minute intervals, according to Bitfinex Alpha.

Market Pressures and ETF Outflows

One of the significant factors contributing to this uncertainty is the substantial supply overhang in the market. This was highlighted by the recent sale of seized BTC by the German government, which has added additional pressure. Other notable sources of overhang include Mt. Gox creditors and Bitcoin miners.

Furthermore, US spot Bitcoin ETFs have been contributing to negative sentiment. Last week alone saw outflows totaling $544.1 million. However, these outflows were primarily linked to basis/funding arbitrage unwinding rather than genuine sentiment towards BTC. Historically, large sell-offs in ETFs often coincide with local bottoms in Bitcoin prices, as noted in previous editions of Bitfinex Alpha.

Volatility and Market Capitalization

The total cryptocurrency market capitalization has also seen a decline. A pattern has emerged where Thursdays and Fridays have become high-volatility days. Last week, the peak-to-trough decline during these days was approximately five percent, which is significant for Bitcoin. Historically, such movements often signal at least a local low, presenting potential buying opportunities for traders.

However, the market remains in a wait-and-watch mode. Near-term scenarios could either see continued pressure from BTC overhang sales or a positive shift in sentiment, possibly sparked by Ethereum ETF approvals, which could renew interest in altcoins.

Macroeconomic Indicators

On the macroeconomic front, the US economy is showing signs of cooling, as reflected in several key economic indicators. The latest Leading Economic Index report indicated declining consumer optimism due to persistent inflation and high interest rates, predicting a slowdown in the third and fourth quarters of 2024. Despite this, the job market is showing signs of stability, with initial jobless claims experiencing a modest decline last week.

Significant strain is also evident in the housing market, with housing starts in May plummeting to their lowest level since June 2020. Despite these challenges, retail sales showed modest but positive growth, suggesting resilience among consumers, although the growth is slower than expected.

The industrial sector remains a bright spot, continuing to grow and potentially stabilizing the overall economy. If the trends of cooling economic growth and inflation persist, the Federal Reserve may consider a rate cut in September.

Future Outlook

Markets are becoming increasingly optimistic about inflation. The Fed’s five-year forward, five-year break-even rate is comfortably at 2.19%, close to the Fed’s two percent target. With jobless claims inching upwards, housing starts slowing, and retail sales growing less quickly, a reduction in interest rates could provide a welcome stimulus for the economy.

In recent crypto news, the German government’s sale of over $195 million worth of Bitcoin contributed to last Friday’s decline in BTC. Leading ETF providers, such as BlackRock, VanEck, and Franklin Templeton, are preparing to launch Ethereum ETFs, which could impact market sentiment positively.

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Google Unveils New AI Tools for Workspace for Education | IDOs News

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Google has announced the release of new AI tools for its Google Workspace for Education, including the introduction of Gemini, aimed at enhancing learning experiences for teen students. This move is part of Google’s broader commitment to making AI helpful in educational settings and beyond, according to blog.google.

Helping Teen Students Learn Responsibly with Gemini

Google’s new AI tool, Gemini, is designed to prepare teens with the skills and tools necessary to thrive in a future where generative AI (GenAI) plays a significant role. Gemini offers guided support, in-the-moment assistance, practice materials, and real-time feedback, aiming to build students’ confidence and creativity.

Last year, Google introduced a responsible Gemini experience for teens using their personal Google Accounts. This initiative was developed in consultation with child safety and development experts to ensure safety and reliability. Building on this foundation, Google has continued to partner with learning science experts and youth advisory panels to enhance the tool’s safety and effectiveness.

Enhanced Safety Measures and Data Protection

Google has committed to extra data protection for all education users, ensuring that data from chats will not be used to improve AI models. This initiative is part of Google’s effort to bring AI technology to students responsibly.

In the coming months, Gemini will be made available to teen students who meet Google’s minimum age requirements while using their Google Workspace for Education accounts. This service will be free of charge for all educational institutions in over 100 countries. To maintain control, Gemini will be off by default for teens until school administrators choose to activate it through the Admin console.

Features for a Safe and Effective Learning Experience

Google has implemented several features to ensure a responsible and useful experience for younger students:

  • Gemini is tuned to identify and prevent the display of inappropriate content, such as illegal or age-restricted substances.
  • The tool includes a double-check response feature, which cross-references content across the web to substantiate its responses, promoting information literacy and critical thinking skills.
  • An AI Literacy video endorsed by ConnectSafely and FOSI is included in the teen-friendly onboarding process, offering tips on responsible AI usage.
  • The Learning Coach, a custom version of Gemini powered by LearnLM, will provide step-by-step study guidance and practice activities like quizzes and games.
  • Extensions from OpenStax and Data Commons will offer information from trusted sources to aid student learning.

These initiatives reflect Google’s ongoing commitment to integrating AI in education responsibly, equipping students with the tools and knowledge necessary for an AI-driven future.

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